Below are resources that are available for research in Lakota/Dakota history, culture and language. Some resources may only be available at Sitting Bull College or with a password. Contact a librarian at 701-854-8008 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org if you need assistance. Many of the items below are in the public domain and available for free download by clicking the links.
Bibliographies and Language Resource Websites
Lakota/Dakota Electronic Books Online
Below is a listing of ebooks that are available online. Most of these titles are older works in the public domain and can be viewed for free and in many cases downloaded for free by clicking on the links. Many are early works translated into the Lakota/Dakota language, while others relate to Lakota/Dakota history. Although many of these titles may be anachronistic and representative of the age of colonization and assimilation, they may present information useful in the present. Titles are listed in alphabetical order by title. Items from Hathi Trust libraries are viewable and downloadable by the page, while Internet Archive and Google Books materials are viewable and downloadable if in the public domain. Hathi Trust items may also be accessible in Internet Archive and Google Books. I’ve chosen to use Hathi Trust for most of the links primarily because of the quality of their site and to support this library initiative. For more recent titles and those not in the public domain, check the library catalog on the main library page.
A comprehensive page by the Pond-Dakota Heritage Society with descriptions and links to the many full-text materials translated by the missionary Pond brothers
The history of the Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes, 1800-2000
A free downloadable e-book in multiple formats available from the Internet Archive
Haskell Institute (Indian Life Readers, Sioux Series) translated by Emil Afraid of Hawk
Lakota/Dakota Language Newspapers
Anpao Niobrara Mission Forest City, South Dakota, 1878 – 1887
Anpao Protestant Episcopal Church, Mission, South Dakota volume, 1908 – 1937
Anpao Kin Niobrara Mission, Forest City, South Dakota, 1894–1908
Iapi Oaye was first published in January 1871 and was the newspaper by the Dakota people in Santee, Nebraska, where they were exiled from Minnesota in 1862. During its earliest years, Iapi Oaye, which translates as “Word Carrier,” was written almost entirely in Dakota. It featured articles on local, regional, and world news and events, English grammar lessons, biographies, Christian scripture and doctrine, and facts and figures relating to Dakota communities. The full collection of the newspaper from 1871-1939 can be found online (text from Minnesota Reflections website)
Dakota Tawaxikitu Kin (The Dakota Friend) was a bilingual newspaper published for a few short years in the 1850’s by Gideon Pond and the Dakota Mission. The full run of the newspaper can be found scanned on this Facebook page.
Sina sapa wocekiye taeyanpaha (The Herald of the Black Robe’s Church), 1892-1939. Saint Paul’s Catholic Indian Mission of the Yankton Tribe of the Sioux Indians). Fort Totten, North Dakota. “The monthly supplement “Eyanpaha” was occasionally included.
Dictionaries, Audio Pronunciation and Recordings
The most up to date source for contemporary Lakota. Desktop versions are available on the Sitting Bull College campus and in the library.
All resources below are available on campus through any Sitting Bull College network. For remote and off campus access contact Sitting Bull College Library for a user name and password if applicable.
Full text access to the journals of the American Anthropolical Association (available at this link on Sitting Bull College campus)
Peer-reviewed, online open access journal committed to supporting and advancing decolonization scholarship, practice, and activism within and, more importantly, beyond and against, the academy.
Ella Deloria Archive
A full text collection of the papers and documents of Ella Deloria
Native American Ethnobotany Database from the University of Michigan
A searchable database of “Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants.”
Index to James E. Emery Recordings
Index to a collection of over three hundred CD recordings of traditional Lakota stories, music and history recorded by James E. Emery in the 1950’s through the 1970’s. This collection is available at Sitting Bull College Library.
George Bushotter Papers
Sitting Bull College Library is a repository for digital copies of the 3,500 pages of Lakota texts produced by George Bushotter in conjunction with James O. Dorsey courtesey of the Smithsonian Anthropological Archives. The texts relate hundreds of Lakota stories in the contemporary language of the 1880s. Texts can be accessed by visiting the library, but are also available from the Smithsonian online catalog here
Francis Densmore Recordings
In the early 20th century, Francis Densmore visited Standing Rock and made 260 recordings of music. This music is accessible by visiting Sitting Bull College Library courtesey of the Library of Congress. A full description and list from can be found here, but also in Teton Sioux Music
Resources for Information on treaties between the United States, various colonial powers and American Indian nations.
Documents Relating to the Negotiation of Ratified and Unratified Treaties with Various Indian Tribes 1801-1869
Includes a collection of ephemera surrounding treaties such as: instructions to treaty commissioners, reports, letters and in some cases treaties.
Early Recognized Treaties with the American Indian Nations
A companion to Kappler that provides access to treaties between American Indian nations and colonizers between 1722 and 1805.
Kappler’s Indian Affairs Laws and Treaties
The classic resource for accessing American Indian treaties online. Contains treaties, laws and executive orders pertaining to American Indian tribes.
United States Papers regarding Indian Affairs
Legislative and executive documents dealing with Indian Affairs from 1789-1838.
Award winning documentary that follows an annual ride memorializing the hanging of 38 Dakota men in Mankato Minnesota in 1862. Available here to watch online or for free download.
Useful Websites and Online Resources
A useful website dealing with Primeau family genealogy
Standing Rock History from the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe
The History of Standing Rock from the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe
Teaching Indigenous Languages
A collections of links and information on the teaching of indigenous languages